Dame un toque –means “to give me a ring/call,” Madrileños also use the toque to communicate phrases such as “Come pick me up around eight; call me when you get there (but I won’t pick you up, I’ll just come outside to meet you)- dame un toque cuando lleges.”
Buenas –I know we all learned “Hola, buenos días” in spanish one, but if you don’t know whether it’s evening yet or still morning, a simple “Buenas”as a greeting when entering a shop, etc works wonders.
A salir –For those commuting on Madrid’s spotless metro, you’ll be hearing this chorused all around you. In crowded trains, people ask the person next to them, “¿(Vas) a salir?” (Are you going to get off here?) so those whose stop is next can move closer to the doors.
A ti –literally “to you,” this is a nice way of saying “no problem/my pleasure.”
Dime- “tell me,” if someone calls to you, this response is like the English, “Yah?/What’sup?”
Hombre –as an interjection, “hombre” does not mean “man,” but “Hey/Look/Listen/Wow.” So yes, it can basically be used to start any sentence containing information.
Hasta luego-”See you later.” It is pronounced VERY funny in Madrid. It is pretty much one single sound: “TALUEGO!” This word is pretty much the appropriate response to everything. Even if you will not literally “see them later.”
Vale (pronounced “ba-lay”) –”Okay. ” It is another catch-all phrase and a great space filler, conversation closer, transition word, etc. Embrace the vale.
Tío–Essentially the equivalent of “buddy” or “bro” in English.